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4th-amendment Archives

Government Wiretaps Versus Your End-to-End Encryption

By Robert G. Stahl Esq., NJ & NY Criminal Defense Lawyer posted in Criminal Investigation, Criminal Discovery, 4th Amendment, Fourth Amendment on Wednesday, July 1, 2020

A new, just released report shows the number of federal and state-authorized wiretaps conducted in 2019. A wiretap is a court-authorized warrant, allowing law enforcement to listen to and record conversations and/or text messages on a target’s phone. In most jurisdictions, the law enforcement agency applying for such an order must demonstrate that there is probable cause to believe that the target is engaged in a specified unlawful activity, that he uses the particular phone to conduct his illegal activity, that traditional methods of investigation have been tried or would not likely be successful, and that the wiretap is necessary to uncover the full extent of the target’s criminal activity, and/or the other coconspirators’. Such authorizations are usually limited to a 30-day period, but can be extended by a court under certain circumstances. Many individuals in the United States use encrypted messaging to protect their privacy – some for innocuous reasons, others for more illicit ones. Encryption may not, however, protect messages and conversations from being produced pursuant to a wiretap.

Tags: Criminal Investigation, Criminal Discovery, 4th Amendment, Fourth Amendment

More Concerns Over Border Searches – The New iPhone and Facial Recognition Security

By Robert G. Stahl Esq., NJ & NY Criminal Defense Lawyer posted in search, border searches, 1st Amendment, seizure, detained, 4th Amendment, cellphone, Galaxy, Samsung Galaxy S8, iPhone X on Saturday, September 16, 2017

Back in April, I wrote about airport and border searches of average travelers coming back to the United States from their business or personal trips abroad. Since you are coming back across our border, law enforcement does not need probable cause to suspect that a crime has been committed, that you were involved, and that evidence of that criminal conduct is on your laptop, tablet or smart phone. 

Tags: search, border searches, 1st Amendment, seizure, detained, 4th Amendment, cellphone, Galaxy, Samsung Galaxy S8, iPhone X

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